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Science

"Scientists have become the bearers of the torch of discovery in our quest for knowledge"
Stephen Hawking

KS3

In Year 7, 8 and the first term of Year 9, students complete a range of topic which cover the key stage 3 science curriculum. These topics focus on the three main sciences: physics, biology, and chemistry as well as giving opportunities for students to develop their practical skills, their scientific enquiry and encourage them to form argument and opinions about how science effects the world today.

Year 7

At the start of Year 7 students will complete a range of baseline and initial assessment activities. They will have an introduction to health and safety during practical work in a Science laboratory.

Autumn Term 1: Ecology and the Building Blocks of Biology

Students will:

  • Study ecosystems, food chains and food pyramids.
  • Research the interdependence of a variety of ecosystems.
  • Investigate photosynthesis and the different factors that affect the rate of photosynthesis.
  • Explore how different organisms are adapted for their particular environment.
  • Learn about animal and plant cells using primary and secondary sources

Autumn Term 2: The Building Blocks of Chemistry

Students will:

  • Increase knowledge, understanding and enjoyment of chemistry through planning and implement and evaluate practical work
  • Practice how to use a range of scientific equipment, including chromatography kits, Bunsen burners and light microscopes in order to analyse a variety of evidence.

Spring Term 1: Energy and Electricity

Students will:

  • Develop ideas about electrical safety and circuit building.
  • Design parallel and series circuits for the self- build plans so that student’s house designs have efficient and practical electrics.
  • Investigate the energy consumption of different appliances and using this information to calculate the efficiency of the appliances.
  • Investigate the energy transfers that occur within different appliances in our homes.
  • Investigate the energy consumption of different appliances and using this information to calculate the efficiency of the appliances

Spring Term 2: Forces

Students will:

  • Be able to name forces acting on an object and state whether they are or are not balanced.
  • They will use formulae to calculate pressure and moments
  • Students will plan and carry out simple physics practicals to establish proof. 

Summer 1: Reproduction

Students will:

  • Describe the changes that occur during puberty in boys and girls
  • Learn about the menstrual cycle including female hygiene 
  • Describe how fertilisation takes place and use the science vocabulary for the sex cells and sex organs to do this
  • Begin to look at basic generic and explain how different types of twins are formed
  • Describe how a foetus develops in its mother and record the rate of growth
  • Describe what happens during labour and discuss the problems which can occur during birth.

Summer Term 2: Rocks and Geology

  • Research the structure of the Earth
  • Study volcanos and be able to explain why they erupt and what the geological impact of this is.
  • Know the difference between the three main rock types and how they were made.
  • Complete a mini fossil study.

Year 8

Autumn Term 1: Sound and Heat

Students will:

  • Learn that sounds travel at different speeds in solids, liquids and gases.
  • Know how to calculate the speed of sound.
  • Describe how insulators can reduce heat loss
  • Will able to give some uses of an ultrasound.
  • Use the particle model to explain conduction and convection. 
  • Use a model ear to describe some possible causes of hearing impairment. 
  • Use my ideas about energy to explain heat transfer by radiation.

Autumn Term 2: Space and Light

Students will:

  • Learn about the Earth in space, our solar system and other celestial objects in the universe.
  • Develop data analysis and mathematical skills through practical work and application of scientific theories such as gravity.
  • Explore hypotheses of the formation of the universe.
  • Investigate how light travels through space and how we are able to observe the universe.
  • Experiment with light and complete practical work on how changing the speed of light affects its behaviour.
  • Develop ideas about what causes light to change colour and how are we able to see light radiation.

Spring Term 1: Energy transfer & Atoms, Elements, Compounds

Students will:

  • Describe the differences between solids, liquids and gases.
  • Know the difference between atoms and molecules. 
  • Know how compounds and mixtures are different.                
  • Explore the Periodic Table to classify elements.                                          
  • Distinguish between compounds and mixtures by their properties.
  • Write chemical symbols from names.                                      
  • Count atoms in the formula of a molecule.
  • Know the characteristic properties of metals and non-metals.
  • Use word equations.
  • Begin to convert word equations into symbol equations.
  • Predict whether the mass will increase or decrease in a particular chemical reaction

Spring Term 2: The Organ System and Disease

Students will:

  • Prepare and use a microscope and microscope slides to investigate cells. 
  • Draw and label the structures in both planet and animal cells.
  • I know and label the organs found in each of systems: circulatory, respiratory, digestive and nervous
  • Explain the role of each structure in a plant cell and animal cell and describe how cells are adapted for their roles.
  • Investigate the features of the different disease – causing microorganisms
  • Explore the types of disease caused by each type of microorganism.
  • Explore how the diseases caused by microorganisms are transmitted within populations.
  • Study the physical and internal barriers humans have against disease.
  • Explain how different types of white blood cell are involved in immunity.
  • Differentiate between infectious diseases, diseases caused by environmental factors, and diseases caused by the inheritance of genetic factors.

Summer Term 1: Pressure and Moments

Students will:

  • Measure the size of a force and use the right units.
  • Use the relationship between speed, distance and time.                             
  • Describe situations where forces are balanced or unbalanced.                   
  • Describe how pressure works in gases and explain how hydraulic machines work.
  • Describe what happens to the turning effect of a force using a longer lever.
  • Know that if an object’s speed changes, then the forces acting on it must be unbalanced.
  • Draw distance–time graphs and interpret them correctly.  
  • Use the equation for speed in calculations and I can convert different units.

Summer 2: Humans and the Environment

Students will:

  • Know how to control the production of acid gases.
  • Know what the ozone layer does.
  • Know the effect of global warming
  • Know how endangered species are conserved.        
  • Explain why pollution occurs; how acid rain is caused and why global warming occurs.    
  • Create arguments for the need to control carbon dioxide emissions; of becoming green and for conservation. 
  • Analyse evidence from different ‘pressure’ groups, to produce a reasoned argument for or against an environmental problem.
  • Understand why scientific ideas may change in relation to the short- and long-term effects of environmental change caused by pollution.
  • Plan complex investigations to identify the cause of environmental problems.
  • Explain how scientific knowledge of global climate change has been developed through evidence gathering, investigating and questioning our present understanding.

Year 9

Autumn 1a: Drugs and Behaviour

Students will:

  • Find out how drugs affect behaviour and reaction speeds.
  • Know the main chemicals found in cigarettes and how these can affect a smoker
  • Learn about the role the brain and our nervous system.
  • Study Pavlov’s research and the theories linked to behaviourism. Explain the difference between the nucleus, chromosomes, DNA and genes.

Autumn 1b: Variation

Students will:

  • Know the difference between reliability and accuracy when taking measurements.
  • Use data from identical twins to identify which features are inherited and which features are caused by the environment. 
  • Explain what a clone is and explain how artificial selection is carried out.

Autumn 2: Chemical and Material Behaviour

Students will:

  • Develop practical and investigative skills.
  • Investigating how the use of different metals depends on their reactivity.
  • Complete practical investigations on the reactions of metals with oxygen, water and different acids.
  • Determine the reactivity of different elements and how we can use this to displace different elements within a compound.
  • Use displacement theory to study how precious metals are extracted.
  • Look at the causes of corrosion and how this can be prevented.